Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery – GitaRam Hospital

Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Overview

Plastic and cosmetic surgery are two related fields of medicine that focus on improving the appearance and function of various parts of the body through surgical or non-surgical procedures.

Plastic surgery primarily involves reconstructive procedures to repair or restore defects or injuries to the body. These procedures may include reconstructing a breast after mastectomy, repairing facial fractures after trauma, or correcting a cleft lip or palate. Plastic surgery may also be used to correct congenital deformities or birth defects, such as a cleft lip or palate.

The restoration, reconstruction, or modification of the human body is the emphasis of this medical speciality.

Procedures for cosmetic surgery can include :

a. Augmentation

Celebrity augmentation is used to enhance the aesthetic appeal and increase trust through breast enhancement, lip augmentation, and buttock augmentation.

b. Rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty can be used to address both cosmetic and functional problems, such as crooked or bumpy noses.

c. Facelifts

Facelift is a cosmetic surgical procedure that tightens and lifts sagging skin, reduces wrinkles, and removes extra fat to create a more youthful and revived look.

d. Abdominal tucks

A tummy tuck is a cosmetic surgery treatment that tightens abdominal muscles and removes extra skin and fat for a more toned and sculpted look.

e. Liposuction

Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery technique used to remove extra fat from body parts.

On the other hand, treatments for reconstructive surgery can include:

i. Mastectomy

Breast reconstruction is performed after a mastectomy to help the breast regain its natural appearance and improve quality of life.

ii. Cleft Lip And Palate Repair

Reconstructive surgery is used to improve the appearance and function of the lip and/or palate, usually in infancy or early childhood.

iii. Skin grafts

Skin grafts are used to repair or replace damaged or missing skin, helping the affected region regain form and function.

iv. Burn Repair

Skin grafting, tissue expansion, and flap surgery are used to replace damaged tissue and promote healing, improving appearance and function, reducing scarring, and preventing complications.

Some FAQs About Plastic and Cosmetic -

Plastic surgery primarily focuses on reconstructive procedures to repair or restore defects or injuries to the body, while cosmetic surgery focuses on enhancing the appearance of various parts of the body. While there is some overlap between the two fields, the primary goals and techniques used in plastic and cosmetic surgery are different.

All surgical procedures carry some degree of risk, and plastic and cosmetic surgery procedures are no exception. Some potential risks of these procedures include bleeding, infection, scarring, and adverse reactions to anesthesia.

The recovery time for plastic and cosmetic surgery procedures can vary depending on the type of procedure and the individual patient. In general, patients can expect to experience some swelling, bruising, and discomfort in the days and weeks following their procedure. They may need to take time off from work or other activities to allow their body to heal properly.

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