Pathology – GitaRam Hospital

Pathology :

Pathology is a clinical term to fame that spotlights on deciding the reason and nature of infections. By analyzing and testing body tissues (for example biopsies, pap smears) and liquids (for example blood, Urine) pathology assists specialists with diagnosing and treating patients accurately. Pathology departments offer demonstrative and consultative types of assistance to clinically trained professionals and general specialists and their patients. They do this through the logical investigation of samples of blood, liquids, tissue, and understanding and detailing of clinically significant outcomes; and arrangement of master clinical assessment through the meeting.

a. Clinical Pathology

Clinical pathology comprises a wide variety of laboratory procedures. It is concerned with the detection, treatment, and prevention of diseases. Clinical pathologists use a microscope or other diagnostic equipment to examine blood, urine, and other body fluid samples. They keep track of the levels of specific chemicals and other substances in the body.

b. Chemical Pathology

Chemical pathology (sometimes called clinical biochemistry) is the study of the biochemistry of body fluids such as blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. Diseases can be diagnosed and monitored by determining how and where the body’s composition has altered.

c. Haematology

It is a discipline of medicine that studies blood, blood-forming organs, and blood disorders. Laboratory examinations of blood formation and blood diseases are included in hematology testing. The following are some instances of these tests: The entire number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the blood are counted in a full blood count. The quantity, shape, and size of blood cells, as well as the presence of any aberrant or immature cells, are all noticed on the blood film.

d. Histopathology

It refers to the study of whole tissues under a microscope. The pathology laboratory receives three different types of specimens. Whole organs or sections of organs, which are removed during surgical procedures, are larger specimens. Biopsies are small surgical procedures that remove pieces of the tissue rather than whole organs. Fluid and very small pieces of tissue can be obtained using a fine needle aspiration while the patient is still awake but sedated.