Gastroenterology – GitaRam Hospital

Gastroenterology :

Gastrointestinal examinations are used to discover and deal with abnormalities on your whole abdomen and the GI tract. The GI tract is an extended tube that evolved at your mouth and flows via the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines. A gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in gastroenterology examinations and treatments, as well as treating the oesophagus, stomach, intestine, and colon. A gastroenterologist is also trained to treat problems with the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder, among other digestive organs. Various gastrointestinal tests are recommended to diagnose the issue and provide the best treatment.

Some common gastroenterology tests are-

a. Endoscopy

Long-term acidity, heartburn, unexplained weight loss, and bowel pattern alterations may necessitate a thorough examination of the colon. Endoscopy is a non-surgical treatment that involves using an endoscope to examine the stomach or digestive tract. During endoscopy, biopsies (small tissue samples) may be taken to be studied under a microscope. They can aid in the detection of malignant cells.

b. Abdominal X-Ray

Abdominal x-ray is a type of diagnostic x-ray that produces images of the stomach, liver, intestines, and spleen, among other organs in the abdominal cavity. It’s known as a KUB x-ray when an abdomen x-ray is taken to show the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.

c. Abdominal ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound (also known as sonography) is a non-invasive procedure that allows you to see the organs in your abdomen. Ultrasounds, unlike other medical imaging examinations, do not employ ionizing radiation. Other disorders of the kidneys, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas can be detected with an abdominal ultrasound.

d. RUT biopsy through Endoscopy

To identify Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection, the rapid urease test (RUT) is the most often utilized biopsy-based approach. Based on the presence of urease in or on the stomach mucosa, the RUT is an indirect test for H. pylori infection. It has the benefit of serology in that it only detects current infections.